Africa Female – A Psychological Enquiry Linguistic Evaluation of Biographical Self-Description

Africa Female – A Psychological Enquiry Linguistic Evaluation of Biographical Self-Description


In this write-up I will be analyzing a one circumstance of biographical insight interpreted by way of the technique of linguistic evaluation as procedure closely aligned to Transactional Evaluation terminology. This report will first glimpse at the construction of language in psychotherapy as an perception into parental injunctions and commands which afterwards influencing the building persona. This process of psychoanalysis in composed form saves time in the therapeutic hour, makes it possible for perception through the instructional attainment of the purchasers writing and usage of phrases.


When a client appear to treatment typically the initially conference is taken up with a venting of the client’s tale. The therapist listens, notes and clarifies for knowledge. By the time this first tale is informed the initial hour has already handed and a next appointment is getting arranged in which a additional in-depth glimpse at the shoppers presenting complications will take place. Even so in between this homework is a good start off to the client’s possess self evaluation. This is finished by inquiring the customer to publish a limited biography of their advancement. Just one A4 webpage is all that is required and no extended. This assists the shopper concentration on only substantial functions and not to go off at a tangent to illustrate details of reference. The 1st 3rd of a website page ought to be, I was born… , I grew up… , this is my loved ones… , the 2nd section ought to be the creating years in which the client encounters education, conflict, trauma and so on… the final third should really be the, “in this article and now” scenario and what introduced them to seek out remedy. This has a few functions, to start with the consumer has an prospect to self mirror and critique their very own edition of their early lifestyle encounter, the second that it aids them to recall in remedy additional clearly early forgotten episodic memory and finally the therapist can conduct a linguistic analysis from the composed type. The created variety must be despatched by using electronic mail for examination prior to the customer arrives to the future session. When this doc is been given the therapist ought to be absolutely conversant and trained in linguistic examination and transactional terminology. The therapist then analyses the biographical critique for the third treatment session.


Though the procedure of linguistic examination is as much an art as a strategy of inquiry, it usually takes fairly a bit of follow to produce the strategy for doing the job on biographical material. The major thrust of the investigation is not the true content of the biography but the words and expressions utilized to reveal scenarios and relationships. In Transactional Investigation the use of terminology these types of as, parental injunctions, commands, drivers, lifestyle positions and lifetime script system are all helpful conditions in which to examine the word and phrase material of the biography in terms both of those the therapist and client can have an understanding of and reflect upon. Even though cognitive remedy is helpful in demanding defective contemplating it has little therapeutic ability in analysis and humanistic approaches are generally unsuccessful besides for individuality expansion and have minimal scientific guidance. Only T.A. has the integrated energy of examination that can correctly fully grasp linguistic analysis as a approach of insightful introspection for the customer in treatment.

The Customer:

The client for this example was an African female of 23 several years previous from East African. The consumer volunteered to have her biographical assessment printed and reviewed. When her identify is withheld the biography is just as she has created it and entrusted to the therapist. Though it is regular to disguise, change names and improve some locations for privateness in publishing, the client has agreed to allow for the likelihood of recognition in this publication.

The Biography:

In this portion I will very first print the sections just one at a time and then present the investigation. Of system, society, social standing and economics can all affect a individuals reflecting of past activities and this need to be noted in any biography. They are not an precise reflection of real occasions but the remember of episodic memory from that person’s point of view as an adult now.

Part One: Early Childhood

I was born in 1990 in the hospital named Lubaga hospital. I will not know much about my childhood but will explain to you a very little I know. Properly me my childhood was not quick and at the very same time it was not difficult. I you should not remember observing my mother at any one particular time all I know she died a month soon after offering beginning to me. My father died when I was about a year old. I have two sisters (Barbra and viola) and am the youngest amid them, but my dad experienced two wives who also passed away a 12 months immediately after he died. A single of the girls gave start to 3 small children two ladies (Rita and Silvia) as well as just one boy called Drake, the other 1 gave birth to two boys (Andrew and Kennedy) but since my mum didn’t give beginning to a baby boy, following dad passing away the relative resolved that the youngest boy to be the hair of all our dad’s assets and that was Drake.

Andrew is the eldest and he has 3 small children now followed by Kennedy who would not have any kid, my sister Barbra is the subsequent and she has one particular toddler female then viola who is just expecting a little one girl then me myself,and I don’t have any baby neither am I anticipating. Then Rita follows me she has two young children now adopted by drake and he has none and and lastly is Silvia who refused to review and resolved to get a work in the barbers shop.

When our mom and dad handed away we were all divided among the family members and we grew up in various techniques and possessing unique manners. Me my self, Barbra and drake we have been taken by my dad’s brother who is now our uncle. Rita was taken by itself by an aunt who mistreated her so much and this uncle of ours decided to carry her at his position and by then she was 17several years aged. Viola was taken to bwaise where by she grew up but just after her quality 6 she made a decision to leave that household to go and lease her have dwelling in makidye considering the fact that she was not in very good term with her brothers and sisters she grew up with. Silvia joined my family members right after her principal mainly because she had constantly needed to be with us so she decided to operate away from exactly where she was to occur and dwell with us at my uncle’s location in kitebi. Andrew has his individual spouse and children and Kennedy turned into a ganja person and as I discuss we all don’t know the place he is. Amongst my brothers and sister, am the only just one who has made it to the leading, as in am the only 1 who has examined very really hard to end college and graduate. Barbra studied up to college but she under no circumstances graduated mainly because she experienced to do a retake. Viola on the other experienced she tried and up to now she is nonetheless striving to complete but she pays her personal tuition because she ran away from household and she is being now with the boyfriend who pays her tuition. Rita stopped in senior 4, Drake stopped senior a few and Silvia in senior two. Andrew and Kennedy under no circumstances went to college at all. So which is my family in temporary.

Portion 1: Linguistic Examination

The very first factor is, annoyance illustrated in the strains, I do not know much and you a tiny I know, the up coming was, the phrase, was not easy followed by was not tough, this exhibit an ambivalence to growing up. The phrase, I know she died a month later (mom) displays, fantasy guilt. Then, my father died, I was a single 12 months previous, equally indicator emotions of guilt. Then both of those action mother and father also died inside of a month. The message listed here was to the little one, anyone dies? The subsequent phrase, the boy to the heir, emotions of powerlessness in the mild of older people now deciding her destiny. Existence is unfair and this guide to ideas of fatalism. The up coming sizeable phrase was, I will not have any little one or anticipating a person, this could be wish fulfilment? The final sentence about brothers and sisters all failing educationally, could display the I am Alright they are not Ok position as in T.A. conditions. The future section talks of the separation of the youngsters to distinctive customers of the loved ones. In this article clearly show proof of the client getting the I am Ok they are not Okay existence position toward the other small children, they fail I thrive. She also expresses social comparison in her placement toward some others. Some aspects of nurturing guardian emerge right here for her mistreated sister. In get to fulfill the adopted new father determine her uncle she adopts the adaptive baby position with gratification showing pride in achievements over other people in the loved ones. Early example from the sister that males are to be manipulated to for revenue and security, adaptive kid’s minimal professor performing on survival with social observation of significant others.

Element Two: Establishing A long time

I grew up with Barbra and my uncles youngsters and we were being all in good phrase. There was nothing at all like discrimination at house our uncle and his wife seriously loved us so substantially while not equally. But at listing me as human being am not complaining considering the fact that they managed to teach me up to college and am what I am for the reason that of them. As a baby I was very stubborn, I recall one time I went to college without the need of shoes for the complete phrase mainly because mum was fed up of shopping for shoes for me each and every time period so she desired to train me a lesson under no circumstances to loose shoes ever once more. We utilized to perform all-around with the neighbours children and we could perform all kinds of recreation you can consider of. I remember just one day we ended up enjoying noodles and I stepped on a sharp object which handed from the base of my leg to the top and I experienced to be admitted to the clinic mainly because of that which produced me to repeat a course. Back again household mum, effectively like all African mom and dad employed to defeat us when u has performed a little something mistaken. She never ever wished to see any individual seated or not doing nearly anything, at specified stage I thought mum was mistreating me and my sister since she used to make us do most of the perform at house leaving her personal youngsters to enjoy Television but now I seriously thank her so a great deal for educating to work and to be a very hard performing female simply because now there is practically nothing I are not able to do for myself.

To be sincere I really don’t know my kindergartens title but by then when I was in kindergarten, they utilized to call it penda but now it has a new name known as kitebi new model. In the course of my kindergarten I applied to steal other childreens eats considering the fact that me my guardians never ever employed to give me something to just take to school, I bear in mind a person day they caught me thieving and the teacher identified as my mum at faculty and I was beaten severely. Soon after that celebration mum began offering 100# to get to school because he was so embarrassed. I will not recall passing my kindergarten.

Following there I joined kitebi primary university, it’s where I sat my major leaving examinations. All through my principal days I was however the notorious and the most stubborn female at any time. I recall remaining the cheer leader of my girlfriends, that means when I was annoyed they shouldn’t participate in and they made use of to do what so ever I informed them to do. From primary 1 to six I was ever the past in class if not the next last and when I bought a report home I often predicted canes from mum for executing inadequately. But however I thank her so a lot for opening my eyes simply because I altered from currently being the demist lady to a dazzling girl. When I access most important 7 I tried so challenging to perform well so as to please mum and she even informed me that if I fell major 7 that will be the conclude of my studies, this assertion actually opened my eyes and I genuinely struggled to accomplish perfectly and certainly I did, I received a 2nd class and this created my mum pleased and dad for the reason that they by no means anticipated me to get that grand.

From there I be part of kitebi secondary college through my secondary school I was as stubborn as I was in primary. In senior a single nevertheless I stored the spirit of executing effectively, I never looked again. From getting the last in principal days to becoming the second or 3rd in course throughout my secondary days. I was at any time amid the greatest 5 in course and in senior three I received a 50 % bursary at university and my guardians experienced to pay 50 percent of the tuition. I remember when I was still in senior two there as his teacher whom we applied to contact half person since he was so limited, so one day I came late and he manufactured me to frog soar from the gate to the headmasters workplace, then when time came for the early morning assembly he named me once again to lead the university into the national, school prayers and the faculty anthem nevertheless I failed to know how to pray so I refused. Then he caned me from powering a matter which annoyed me so considerably and I turned backed, slapped him and ran residence since I realized mum was overseas and there was no a person to punish me. I was expelled from kitebi secondary college when I was in senior two for beating a teacher. My mom and dad made the decision to get e to bombo brakes college headed by troopers. So it is really the place I finished my senior 4.

Later I joined Baptist higher faculty for y sophisticated certificate. You know lifestyle in superior faculty it in which most pupils get started boy/girl marriage. So I bought myself a boyfriend and everyday living was definitely so superior but his guy was not a pupil. In significant school to contested for a mess prefect and there was this lady I never appreciated at all, so a person working day this female and her pals escaped from university and caught them claimed them to the HM and the punishment specified to them was too slash their hair off because at university by then we were being authorized to mature hair. I passed my significant faculty with great grades and I was offered a place at Kyambogo College the place I did my bachelor’s diploma in assistance and counselling.

Part Two: Linguistic Examination

The very first phrase is, nothing at all like discrimination, then however not equally, equally showing some dissent and dissatisfaction at inequality in the spouse and children dynamics. The upcoming phrase, not complaining, educated me up to, nonetheless holding the consumer in the I’m Okay place in comparison with other folks. The next phrase, I was very stubborn, adoptive mum was fed up, train me a lesson. In this article the customer moves to adaptive kid in insurrection with significant guardian invoking instructions, injunctions and the client adapting to survive by her minor professor accepting the injunctions leading to attitude variations in adulthood afterwards. The up coming phrase in this part was, you can consider, begin of joyful adaptive boy or girl in rebellion out of sight of mothers and fathers authority. The up coming couple strains of remaining beaten, like all African households (culture acceptance of violence), imagined mum was mistreating me, inequality in the residence, some children watch Tv set she performs like a slave. The phrase, not performing everything, top to the injunction and script decision in later life of, work tough, perfectionism and many others. The following area phrases these as, I utilised to steal, never took everything to school (meals) caught me stealing, I was critically crushed all indications of authority figures in essential father or mother. Below the shopper is demonstrating adaptive baby (do as I am advised in front of authority) in rebellions (do as I like when not noticed). Phrases such as, however notorious, chief of other ladies, irritated if not my way, I told them, caning from mom, all indications of rebellious adaptive baby. Mom then threatens to stop education if she does not tackle her behaviour. The adaptive baby stops rebelling and decides to research. The following phrases, I was stubborn, spirit of doing nicely, half bursary, all indications of I am Alright position with other individuals in the not Okay position, therefore a experience of superiority to others developed extra entirely. The, check out challenging generate is now thoroughly formulated. At this point the customer is expelled for violence against a instructor and pressured by mother to armed forces run college. Initially boyfriends, lead back to rebellious adaptive youngster.

Element A few: In this article & Now

Daily life at campus was not uncomplicated at all. U know dad offers you very little dollars nevertheless you necessities are more than what he gives you so what do you to survive, you make your mind up to get you self a boyfriend if not a sugar any other it truly is what I did in get to endure at campus. I was keeping in a hostel but most of my good friends obtained pregnant when we had been however at campus. We employed to club a great deal but at the very same time we go through our textbooks and we passed really. When I was in my first yr I was this innocent girl who didn’t know nearly anything not until finally Lillian became y pal and she spoilt me she was my roommate then but for her she was in her 3rd yr by the time I met her, so she taught me how to club. When Lillian left obtained a new roommate and to make issues worse she was my OG whom I manufactured to slice her hair when we were being continue to in large school so we were not in great phrases at all. Anything she did was aggravating to me, I hated all her close friends and just about every ting she had simply because she considered she experienced it all. We also received into combat with her around Tv set in the place but it was my Television but she was ever he controller of all the things I the home when her buddies had been close to. But I experienced to bear with her until eventually we completed campus. I experienced my three best mates but one particular of them betrayed me and stole my boyfriend away from me. I recall my times at campus father only compensated for me tuition, hostel cost and giving me pocket funds, most of the matters I had at campus were being supplied to me by my boyfriends.

When I concluded campus experimented with so challenging to get a career and indeed God answered my payers and now I have a job. Am earning my have dollars and I no more time will need any man’s enable to guidance me economically. Now back again home I have a issue with my sister who came back from India. She has grow to be a ache in ass and I genuinely want to get rid of her. She arrived with absolutely nothing from overseas and I made the decision to aid her out but now it really is like she is the proprietor of everything in my place truly dislike her so considerably do not know what I can do to kick her out of my room. Professor the rest of the story you know it let me to stop listed here. I thank God now I have a work and am earning my very own funds and am no longer begging any one for anything at all and I also thank my bosses for managing me suitable and very good and for training me by way of diverse areas of counselling.

Part A few: Linguistic Assessment

Most of the early phrases below are about survival (minimal professor), dad provides you small cash, what to do to survive, sugar daddy, and buy to survive on campus. Other phrases these as, good friends got pregnant, direct to recognition of risk. The phrase, I was an innocent female, sales opportunities to suppose adaptive kid subsequent parent’s injunctions and command now was launched by way of peers to extra open up life-style. The phrase, showed me how to club, adaptive baby back again in rebellious again. Most of the other associations are even now centered on I am Okay you all are not Ok as can be noticed from the phrase, anything she did was frustrating, I hated her, she however she experienced it all and so forth. All showing her considering in the superior position to other folks. Many others could not be reliable as in phrases, bear with her, she betrayed me. Listed here her adaptive kid rebellious commences to use boys as sugar daddies to assist her endure university charges and profits. Present problem now secure in her own revenue, phrases these as, no for a longer time need to have man’s help, owner of almost everything in her area, display her reestablishment to I’m Alright from a position of shame. (Small professor survival approach). Remaining phrases, bosses treating me ideal, new experience of nurturing guardian around her encounter all her lifestyle of significant moms and dads.

In excess of-all Summery of Linguistic Assessment

The consumer sees herself normally as a sufferer persecuted by life and other individuals. So she persecutes many others and rescues herself by the small professor in her head assisting her to survive hard moments. Her early drives these types of as, check out tricky and be great have enabled her to complete her schooling to diploma level in spite of all her other brothers and sisters failing main to each pleasure and I’m Alright they are not Ok life posture in relation to others. She has an, Until eventually Script that means that you are unable to be joyful until finally you have attained all your existence expectations. On the other hand she is one minded in quite a few factors of her existence and possesses a losing script in the sense she narrows her possibilities to only one goal at a time. Most of her life, she has stayed in adaptive youngster rebellious. Most grownup figures have been authority figures as in critical parents. Her small professor led her to give herself sexually for acquire from boyfriends as sugar daddies. Latest experience of bosses as nurturing moms and dads has opened her to reparenting opportunities for the near foreseeable future.


Linguistic analysis is a process that requires a good deal of practice and insight into human conduct very best observed by way of the therapeutic method of transactional evaluation. In the previously mentioned scenario you can see how significantly information can arrive from just one particular aspect of an A4 measurement paper biographical sketch. These insights are then talked over in total with the customer at the future session of treatment. Here the psychologist can give the insights he has received from the biography as he sees it. The then the customer can verify, challenge and enquire further clarification of the investigation. Right after doing several of these analyses it is stunning how many customers are shocked at what you find out about them. from the text and phases they used in their very own crafting. Lots of concealed attitudes, lifetime positions and thoughts are expressed by the purchasers producing that they (the shopper) are usually amazed by how a great deal the therapist saw into their character and daily life scripts they experienced developed in excess of the decades. This specific consumer was stunned by just how a great deal of her concealed self arrived out by way of the biography she commented that she thought she experienced, “still left out” substantial attitudes but that the therapist experienced viewed them in any case in her creating. By way of the evaluation the consumer also felt they could be a lot more open and trustworthy in the therapeutic approach as practically nothing was now concealed whether or not shameful, delight or her survival conduct about time.


Linguistic examination can be an insightful, imagined provoking and an intuitive method that can assist the two the therapist and consumer to have a a lot more powerful marriage. It can also preserve hrs of treatment time inquiring for track record data and spending cherished time making an attempt to realize developmental processes. It requires most clients about two hrs of creating and believed, to produce the biography, they frequently do not realise how much of their temperament and attitudes they express through the process. It can also kick start many intriguing and in-depth conversations in counselling that can guide to insightful self discovery. A lot of consumers remark that the very procedure of crafting out the biography assisted them to recognize previous trauma in a new light-weight or reframing the memories they had held dear to them that on assessment improved in character and written content.


This type of Linguistic Assessment was created and taught by Professor Stephen F Myler, from Transactional Investigation as recommended by its founder Eric Berne. 1. (E.B. died 1970) The greater part of counsellors, psychologist and psychiatrists are not skilled in this procedure formally.

By Professor Stephen F. Myler PhD (Psych)