In the kokompes, the informal industrial parts of Ghana, this kind of as the wide Suame Journal in Kumasi, the usual little automobile-maintenance company is composed of a learn craftsman assisted by 4 or 5 apprentices. The apprenticeship method has been considerably criticised as a type of exploitation. The apprentices are not given a normal wage but only ‘chop funds,’ just plenty of funds to invest in meals, and the hrs of do the job are extensive, often twelve several hours a working day, 6 times a week, but on the whole the apprentices appear to be reasonably information with their great deal and the apprenticeship is seen as providing a much sought-right after and acceptable initiation into the job forward. Some masters are a lot more enlightened than others, furnishing better instruction and additional enjoyable doing the job ailments. For those people apprentices who face tyrants there is often the solution of running absent an alternative that a lot of acquire. In most workshops the environment is peaceful and the tempo of operate unhurried. A lot time is handed waiting for do the job to appear, and when it comes there is the possibility to look at a person else show up at to it. When one’s have transform will come it is a welcome diversion.
Though the hours are long, absence for own errands, illness or attendance at funerals is commonly granted. The sample of discipline is domestic relatively than industrial. For the new apprentice, only the do the job of his arms is new. The social atmosphere is completely acquainted to him, and to this extent he activities considerably a lot less trauma than his European counterpart who enters a odd new manufacturing unit setting. If he has any grievance it is normally lack of income, and this problem is tackled by a number of means, some authentic, and with a great deal of tolerance extended in most circumstances to the illegitimate.
The informal sector varieties a bridge among the reputable and the illegitimate, the official sector and the underworld. It is this fewer-than-savoury facet of the kokompes which can make them unpopular with the regulation enforcement organizations and the tax gathers. There is a tendency amongst those people in authority to regard the kokompes as dens of thieves, and there is little question that specified criminal features shelter in their midst. The makers of skeleton keys and jemmies find a all set marketplace for their merchandise in a society in which significant unemployment and broad-scale poverty co-exist with conspicuous affluence, and the automobile elements shops are not always averse to recycling some of the plunder.
Although the excellent bulk of artisans and apprentices in the informal sector are not robbers, they are liable to bend the law to its West African limitations. At situations when imported spare parts are scarce, they are under no circumstances to be identified in the formal sector suppliers and support stations but only in the publications and kokompes. The diversion is effected by learn fitters placing to rewarding use their one-way links with the formal sector motor organizations. A brother in the stores office will be certain that all products acquired from abroad are marketed in bulk to the relatives spare elements retail outlet or fitting store in the magazine. The sale is nominally genuine and the proper ‘government-controlled’ value is paid but the prospect is made for gain having that in share conditions would fulfill the insider dealers on the New York Stock Exchange.
The efficient monopoly on the offer of all imported spare pieces was a key variable in the swift growth of the informal sector in Ghana in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Vehicle entrepreneurs using their costs for repair at official sector workshops had been directed to the kokompe for the needed spare elements. Quickly the customized went straight to the kokompe the place the career was accomplished a lot more rapidly and with considerably less inconvenience. By this means the formal sector workshops ended up slice out and the kokompes sucked all available business into their domain. The consumer finished up spending extra for his mend but the a lot of mouths of the master’s extended household were being very well fed and all his sons and nephews grew to become apprentices. Suame Magazine in Kumasi grew to become an economic electricity that attracted an extraordinary new branch of Ghana Business bank with, it was claimed, the greatest sturdy-space in the nation.